“Adjuvant therapy for melanoma to lower the risk of disease recurrence and death in patients with high-risk disease who have undergone definitive surgical treatment has previously been administered primarily to patients with stage III disease, as well as a small group of patients with stage IV disease who could be rendered disease free surgically, according to Ahmad A. Tarhini, MD, PhD.
“These patients have unmet treatment needs. Tarhini, director, Melanoma and Skin Cancer Program and Center for Immuno- Oncology Research, Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, said that toxicities, negative effects on quality of life (QoL), and inconvenient dosing schedules have contributed to the lack of uptake of adjuvant therapy for patients with melanoma.”
“Immunotherapies targeting PD-1 and PD-L1 have become standards-of-care across all lines of therapy for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who do not have targetable driver mutations. Furthermore, the PD-L1 inhibitor durvalumab was recently approved as consolidation therapy after chemoradiation in locally advanced NSCLC. Based on the improved outcomes seen with these agents in advanced NSCLC, they are now being evaluated in early stage NSCLC where effective therapies are needed, as many patients (particularly those beyond stage IB) relapse after surgery, despite neoadjuvant/adjuvant chemotherapy.”
“Adding atezolizumab (Tecentriq) to nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane) and carboplatin in the frontline setting significantly improved overall survival (OS) in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to findings from the phase III IMpower130 study.
“Atezolizumab also improved progression-free survival (PFS), the coprimary endpoint of the IMpower130 study, according to Genentech (Roche), the manufacturer of the PD-L1 inhibitor. The company plans to share the study data at an upcoming oncology meeting.”
“The results reveal that 152 patients treated with alectinib showed a median progression-free survival (PFS) of 34.8 months compared with just 10.9 months in the 151 patients who were treated with crizotinib.”
“Apalutamide (Erleada) lowered the risk of PSA progression by 94% in patients with nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), according to a posthoc analysis from the phase III SPARTAN trial presented at the 2018 American Urological Association (AUA) Annual Meeting.
“The median time to PSA progression was not reached in the apalutamide arm compared with 3.71 months in the placebo group (HR, 0.064; 95% CI, 0.052-0.080; P <.0001). A separate retrospective cohort study presented at AUA underscored the significance of these apalutamide data by confirming prior observations of the link between faster PSA doubling time (PSADT) and poorer metastasis-free survival (MFS) and overall survival (OS).”
“Priority review of Roche’s supplemental Biologics License Application means the FDA will decide whether or not to approve the therapy within six months instead of the standard 10 months. A decision is now expected by Sept. 5. To be granted priority review, a therapy candidate must show potential to provide significant benefits for the treatment, prevention, or diagnosis of a disease.”
“MimiVax LLC, a clinical-stage biotechnology company developing immunotherapeutics and targeted therapies for cancer treatment, today announced positive interim results from a multicenter Phase II study of SurVaxM in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma (nGBM). These promising interim results support further development of SurVaxM in combination with standard therapy as a potential treatment for glioblastoma. A randomized trial of SurVaxM in glioblastoma is planned, pending completion of this study and review at the end of Q4 2018.”
“A multi-center study that validates the clinical performance of IsoPSA—a new blood test that has proven to be more accurate in predicting overall risk of prostate cancer than standard prostate-specific antigen (PSA) – will be presented during a special press conference at the 13th Annual Meeting of the American Urological Association (AUA) on May 18 in San Francisco.
“Results showed that more than 40 percent of biopsies could have been avoided in both the preliminary study (45.1 percent) and validation study (47 percent), suggesting that use of IsoPSA may substantially reduce the need for biopsy, and may thus lower the likelihood of overdetection and overtreatment of nonlethal prostate cancer.”
“Salvage prostate cryoablation may be an effective treatment that can help delay the need for androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in carefully selected men with locally recurrent prostate cancer, according to a new study presented at the American Urological Association 2018 annual meeting.
“Researchers at Fox Chase Cancer Center studied the outcomes of 52 men with nonmetastatic prostate cancer who were initially treated with radiation therapy but later suffered recurrence and received salvage cryoablation. The investigators identified the men from a prospective database of patients undergoing salvage cryoablation after definitive prostate radiation by external beam radiation therapy, brachytherapy, or both. While ADT is the common second-line therapy, these men instead received cryoablation.”