Evidence from human and animal research indicates that choline metabolic pathways may be activated during a variety of diseases, including cancer. We report results of a case-control study of 2821 lung cancer cases and 2923 controls that assessed associations of choline and betaine dietary intakes with lung cancer. Our results suggest that choline and betaine intake, especially higher betaine intake, may be protective against lung cancer through mitigating the adverse effect of smoking.
RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR) is an independent prognostic variable in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In the current study, we investigated the correlation between PKR and 25 other biomarkers for NSCLC, identified the markers that could further improve the prognostic significance of PKR and elucidated the mechanisms of interaction between these markers and PKR.
PKR/EphA2 is a significant predictor of prognosis for NSCLC. PKR/EphA2 may be a promising approach to improving screening efficiency and predicting prognosis in patients with NSCLC.
We evaluated the in-vivo anticancer activity of aerosolized Celecoxib encapsulated Nanolipidcarriers (Cxb-NLC) as a single therapeutic agent and combined with intravenously administered Docetaxel (Doc) against non-small cell lung cancer. Combination therapy with Cxb-NLC and Doc showed significant reduction in tumor growth which was further confirmed by proteomic analysis.
The beneficial effects of omega-3 fatty acids are believed to be due in part to selective alteration of arachidonate metabolism that involves cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes. Here we investigated the effect of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on the proliferation of human non-small cell lung cancer A549 (COX-2 over-expressing) and H1299 (COX-2 null) cells as well as their xenograft models. Our results of our study suggest that the ability of EPA to generate PGE3 through the COX-2 enzyme might be critical for EPA-mediated tumor growth inhibition which is at least partly due to down-regulation of Akt phosphorylation by PGE3.
To our knowledge this is the largest report analyzing outcomes for reirradiation (reRT) for locoregionally recurrent lung cancer, and the first to assess thoracic reRT outcomes in patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC).
ReRT to the thorax for locoregionally recurrent NSCLC can provide palliative benefit, and a small subset of patients may experience long-term survival. Select SCLC patients may experience meaningful survival prolongation after reRT, but reRT for patients with symptomatic recurrence and/or extrathoracic disease did not offer meaningful survival or durable symptom benefit.
The purpose of this study was to delineate gene expression patterns for survival prediction in lung adenocarcinoma. We found significant correlation with genes enriched in the biological process of the cell cycle. Three genes (UBE2C, TPX2, and MELK) were more strongly associated with poor 5-year survival.