The gist: The drug Xalkori (aka crizotinib) has shown promise for treating people with a certain type of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have not yet taken any other treatment. A clinical trial tested Xalkori in untreated NSCLC patients whose tumors had mutations of the ALK gene (“ALK-positive”). People who took Xalkori in the trial had almost 4 more months before their cancer worsened than people who took only chemotherapy.
“Pfizer’s targeted cancer therapy Xalkori (crizotinib) significantly extended progression-free survival in previously-untreated patients with a particular form of non-small cell lung cancer taking part in a late-stage trial compared to chemotherapy alone.
“Data from the Phase III PROFILE 1014 study, published in The New England Journal of Medicine, showed that patients with ALK-positive advanced NSCLC given Pfizer’s kinase inhibitor had a median PFS of 10.9 months compared to 7 months for those in the chemotherapy arm. Also, the objective response rate was much higher at 74% versus 45%, the firm noted.
“On the safety side, no unexpected issues arose in the trial, with the most commonly reported adverse events observed in the Xalkori being vision disorder (71%), diarrohea (61%), nausea (56%) and oedema (49%), and with chemotherapy, nausea (59%), fatigue (38%), vomiting (36%) and decreased appetite (34%).
“ALK gene rearrangements are present in about 5% of NSCLC cancers typically occurring in younger patients who don’t smoke. By identifying and enrolling only those patients whose advanced NSCLC tumours are ALK-positive, “this trial was able to demonstrate the superiority of Xalkori over an intravenous platinum-based chemotherapy regimen that has been a standard first-line treatment for more than a decade,” said Mace Rothenberg, chief medical officer for Pfizer Oncology.”