Immunotherapy Yields ‘Dramatic’ Response Rates in Relapsed Mesothelioma

Excerpt:

“Immunotherapy may represent an effective new treatment approach for relapsed mesothelioma patients, according to a new study.

“Anti–programmed death-1 (PD-1) immunotherapy may have activity as second- or third-line therapy in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), an aggressive, rare cancer associated with asbestos exposure that has no curative treatment. All MPM patients relapse despite initial chemotherapy, and median overall survival (OS) is 9 months at most, said lead author Arnaud Scherpereel, MD, PhD, head of the pulmonary and thoracic oncology department at the University Hospital (CHU) of Lille in Lille, France, at a press briefing at the 2017 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting (abstract LBA8507).”

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Oral SERD Promising in ER-Positive Breast Cancer With ESR1 Mutations

Excerpt:

“The investigational third-generation nonsteroidal oral selective estrogen receptor degrader (SERD) RAD1901 was associated with a 23% objective response rate among 40 heavily pretreated women with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer, according to authors of a phase I dose-escalation and safety cohort study (NCT02338349) presented (abstract 1014) at the 2017 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting, held June 2–6 in Chicago.”

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Abiraterone/ADT Combo Increased Prostate Cancer Survival

Excerpt:

“Combined therapy with abiraterone acetate/prednisone plus androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) significantly improved overall survival and radiographic progression-free survival (PFS) among men with metastatic hormone-naive prostate cancer compared with ADT and placebo alone, according to the results of the phase III LATITUDE trial (abstract LBA3) presented at the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting.

” ‘In my opinion, these findings support the fact that adding abiraterone and prednisone to castration should now be considered the new standard of care for men with newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer,’ said researcher Karim Fizazi, MD, PhD, head of the department of cancer medicine at Gustave Roussy, University Paris-Sud, Villejuif, France.”

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Pfizer Presents Final Phase 2 Data on Investigational PARP Inhibitor Talazoparib in Patients with Germline BRCA-Positive Advanced Breast Cancer

Excerpt:

“Pfizer Inc. (NYSE:PFE) today announced Phase 2 data showing that its investigational, dual-mechanism poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, talazoparib, demonstrated anti-tumor activity in patients with germline (inherited) BRCA1/2-positive (gBRCA+) advanced breast cancer. Results from the Phase 2 ABRAZO trial were presented during an oral session at the 53rd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) in Chicago.”

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AstraZeneca’s Lynparza Slows Spread of Inherited Breast Cancer

Excerpt:

AstraZeneca Plc showed that its drug Lynparza slowed progression of a devastating, inherited form of breast cancer that typically strikes younger women, potentially opening up a new market for a pill originally approved to treat ovarian tumors.

“A study of 302 women, dubbed OlympiAD, found that those getting the drug were 42 percent less likely to see their cancer spread than those given conventional chemotherapy, according to results presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology meeting in Chicago. Women taking Lynparza had their disease progress after about seven months, compared with 4.2 months of median progression-free survival for those on chemotherapy.”

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Lilly Builds Upon Body of Data for Abemaciclib with Phase 3 MONARCH 2 Data Demonstrating Superior Progression-Free Survival in Advanced Breast Cancer

Excerpt:

“Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: LLY) today announced that results from the Phase 3 MONARCH 2 study showed that abemaciclib, a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)4 & 6 inhibitor, in combination with fulvestrant, significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) compared to treatment with fulvestrant alone in women with hormone-receptor-positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2-), advanced breast cancer who have relapsed or progressed after endocrine therapy (median PFS, 16.4 vs. 9.3 months, respectively, HR: 0.553; 95% CI: 0.449, 0.681, P < .0000001). The data were presented at the 2017 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting (Abstract #1000) and simultaneously published online in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.”

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Alectinib Halts Lung Cancer Growth More Than a Year Longer Than Crizotinib

Excerpt:

“Findings from a phase III clinical trial point to a more effective initial treatment for patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Compared to the current standard of care crizotinib (Xalkori), the newer ALK inhibitor alectinib (Alecensa) halted cancer growth for a median of 15 months longer and caused fewer severe side effects.

“The study will be featured in a press briefing today and presented at the 2017 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting.”

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Incyte ‘IDO’ Combination Lung Cancer Results Improve Slightly at ASCO17

Excerpt:

“The Wall Street gang attending the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) annual meeting here will be crowding around a scientific poster this morning, craning their necks to see updated results from a small clinical trial combining Incyte’s (INCY) IDO inhibitor epacadostat with Merck’s (MRK) checkpoint inhibitor Keytruda in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

“The headline number: The overall response rate remains 35%, although two lung cancer patients now have improved to complete responses, another 12 patients have a partial response. The data are updated as of Feb. 27.”

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Two Combination Therapies Shrink Melanoma Brain Metastases in More Than Half of Patients

Excerpt:

“High response rates to a pair of combination therapies point to potentially new options for a group of metastatic melanoma patients who have been largely left out of recent treatment progress – those whose disease has spread to the brain.

“A combination regimen of two immunotherapies and another of two targeted therapies each significantly shrank metastatic in at least 50 percent of patients in separate multi-center clinical trials presented today at the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting by principal investigators from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.”

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