“Oncolytics Biotech Inc said its experimental lung cancer drug was found to be more effective in a mid-stage trial study, sending its shares up more than 10 percent.”
We report the long-term results of RTOG 9801, a randomized trial investigating the ability of amifostine, a radioprotector, to reduce chemoradiation-induced esophagitis.
The chemoradiation regimen of carboplatin and paclitaxel produced long-term results in the multi-institutional setting comparable to other regimens. Amifostine did not appear to compromise survival. As done in RTOG 9801, more consistent reporting of long term toxicity is needed for comparison of different chemoradiation regimens.
Most elderly patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) do not receive chemotherapy and no age-specific guidelines for choosing chemotherapy agents exist. A phase II clinical trial investigated treatment with pemetrexed (Alimta) and carboplatin (Paraplatin) for elderly (age 70+ years) patients with advanced NSCLC and little functional impairment. The combination treatment was as effective in these patients as it had been in younger populations in previous studies and it was more effective than either pemetrexed or carboplatin alone. While some patients experienced serious side effects, especially blood-related complications, overall toxicity was acceptable, suggesting that combined Alimta and Paraplatin may be a viable treatment option for similar patients.
The combination pemetrexed–carboplatin could be a valuable treatment option in elderly patients, as indicated by this phase II trial. Neutropenia was the most common toxicity. The objective tumor response rate is within the range of data reported for pemetrexed–carboplatin in the general NSCLC population.