Lurbinectedin Combo Induces Clinical Activity in Chemo-Sensitive SCLC

Excerpt:

“Lurbinectedin (Zepsyre; PM1183) plus doxorubicin demonstrated significant clinical activity as a second-line therapy for patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC), especially when excluding refractory patients.

“In particular, patients with chemotherapy-free intervals (CTFIs) of 90 days or more induced a 53% overall response rate (ORR) and PFS of 5.7 months, according to findings that were presented at the 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer (WCLC) in Toronto, Canada.”

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LOXO-292 Safe, Effective for RET-Altered Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Excerpt:

“LOXO-292 appeared well tolerated and demonstrated antitumor activity among patients with heavily pretreated RET fusion-positive non-small cell lung cancer, according to updated interim results of a global, phase 1/phase 2 trial presented at International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer’s World Conference on Lung Cancer.

“Researchers reported initial clinical data from the LIBRETTO-001 dose escalation/expansion study of LOXO-292 (Loxo Oncology) — an oral and selective agent in clinical development for cancers that harbor abnormalities in the rearranged during transfection (RET) kinase — at ASCO Annual Meeting in June.”

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Novel Agent Active in ROS1-Mutant NSCLC

Excerpt:

“Three-fourths of patients with ROS1-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) had objective responses lasting an average of 2 years with an investigational multikinase inhibitor, a preliminary trial showed.

“Overall, 41 of 53 patients responded to treatment with entrectinib, including 17 of 33 patients with central nervous system (CNS) metastases at baseline. Responses had a median duration of 24.6 months among patients without CNS metastases and 13.6 months among those with CNS metastases.”

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AstraZeneca Buoyed as Imfinzi Cuts Lung Cancer Deaths by a Third

Excerpt:

“AstraZeneca’s immunotherapy drug Imfinzi cut the risk of death in patients with mid-stage lung cancer by nearly a third in a closely watched clinical study, reinforcing the case for using the drug in earlier disease.

“The encouraging overall survival data boosts prospects for a medicine that was approved this week in Europe and has already had a promising U.S. commercial launch, based on its ability to slow disease progression.”

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Roche’s Tecentriq, Trailing Rival Drugs, Lifts Lung Cancer Survival

Excerpt:

“A drug cocktail with Roche’s Tecentriq added two months to small-cell lung cancer patients’ lives, according to a study, aiding the Swiss group’s bid to win approval in a niche disease area before rivals that now dominate the immunotherapy market.

“Patients with untreated extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), where cancer has spread, lived a median 12.3 months after getting Tecentriq plus chemotherapy.”

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Poziotinib Shows Encouraging Activity Among Heavily Pretreated NSCLC Subgroup

Excerpt:

“Poziotinib (NOV120101, HM781-36B) demonstrated high antitumor activity in patients with metastatic, heavily pretreated EGFR and HER2 exon 20 mutant non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to phase II study results presented at the 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer (WCLC) in Toronto, Canada.

To date, the agent specifically induced a best response rate of 55%, including a 43% confirmed objective response rate (ORR) among evaluable patients with EGFR exon 20 mutant NSCLC in the study, said John V. Heymach, MD, PhD, who presented data of the investigator-initiated study of poziotinib in EGFR and HER 2-exon 20 mutant NSCLC (NCT03066206).”

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First-Line Atezolizumab Plus Chemotherapy Improves PFS for Lung Cancer

Excerpt:

“The addition of frontline atezolizumab to carboplatin or cisplatin plus pemetrexed improved PFS among patients with non-small cell lung cancer, according to interim results from a global phase 3 randomized trial presented at International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer’s World Conference on Lung Cancer.

“IMpower132 is an open-label study of atezolizumab (Tecentriq, Genentech) — a PD-L1 inhibitor — among 578 chemotherapy-naive patients with stage IV nonsquamous NSCLC. Exclusion criteria included EGFR or ALK mutations, untreated central nervous system metastases, autoimmune disease and prior exposure to immunotherapy.”

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Pembrolizumab Alone or With Chemotherapy for PD-L1–Positive NSCLC?

Excerpt:

“Researchers found that in patients with non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and a Tumor Proportion Score (TPS) ≥ 50, pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy failed to improve overall survival (OS) or progression-free survival (PFS) compared with pembrolizumab alone.

“Results from the study were presented in a poster presentation at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer, held September 23–26 in Toronto.”

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Brigatinib Superior to Standard of Care Crizotinib in ALK+ NSCLC

Excerpt:

“Adult patients with ALK-positive, locally advanced or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had not received a prior ALK inhibitor experienced a more than 50% reduction in the risk of disease progression or death with treatment with brigatinib (Alunbrig), compared with the first-line standard of care, crizotinib.

“Brigatinib demonstrated superior progression-free survival (PFS) compared with crizotinib, corresponding to a 51% reduction in the risk of disease progression or death (HR, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.33-74; P = .0007), according to first interim analysis results presented at the 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer and simultaneously published in the New England Journal of Medicine.”

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